Australia Tears Up Belt and Road Deals With Beijing

Senator Marise Payne appears before the Additional Estimates 2020–21 Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee in the Main Committee Room at Parliament House in Canberra, Australia, on March 22, 2021. (Sam Mooy/Getty Images)
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BY CADEN PEARSON

Australia’s Foreign Minister, Senator Marise Payne on Wednesday night officially tore up Victoria’s controversial Belt and Road (BRI) deals with Beijing, saying they were not consistent with the national interest.

Payne exercised recently granted powers under Australia’s Foreign Relations Act to axe four deals in total, all between the Victorian state government and foreign regimes, including Iran, Syria, and China.

Two shredded deals were signed by state Premier Dan Andrews and Beijing’s National Development and Reform Commission.

Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews speaks to the media in Melbourne, Australia, on Feb. 16, 2021. (Darrian Traynor/Getty Images)

The first agreement, a 2018 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) saw Victoria pledge to work on infrastructure projects within the Chinese regime’s Silk Road Economic Belt, and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative, commonly known as the Belt and Road Initiative.

The second axed Victorian deal was a 2019 framework agreement on jointly promoting the BRI.

Minister Payne also cancelled a 2004 MOU between Victoria’s Department of Education and Training and the Islamic Republic of Iran, and a 1999 Protocol of Scientific Cooperation between the same department and the Syrian Arab Republic.

“I consider these four arrangements to be inconsistent with Australia’s foreign policy or adverse to our foreign relations in line with the relevant test [under the Act],” Payne said in a statement.

The federal government’s Foreign Relations Act also forced the Victorian state government to hand over documents related to a third secret deal signed between the state and the Chinese regime.

Workers take down a Belt and Road forum panel outside the venue in Beijing on April 27, 2019. (Greg Baker/AFP/Getty Images)

That deal was signed in March 2017, 18 months before the first BRI deal was signed. The secret MOU committed the state to work with Beijing on Victorian infrastructure projects through public-private partnerships (PPPs).

But Premier Andrews maintained that deals with China, such as the BRI, posed no threat to national security and were about generating employment opportunities.

“I’ve always seen these arrangements and all of our arrangements, not just with any one country but with all the different countries, different states, different provinces, different regions that we have relationships with, they’ve always been about a passport to export,” he told reporters in August 2020.

Under the BRI, Beijing is reported to significantly undercut foreign companies for infrastructure bids and provide unserviceable loans to developing countries that can barely afford the projects.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison speaks during a press conference in Sydney, Australia, on April 19, 2021. (Jenny Evans/Getty Images)

Prime Minister Scott Morrison has said he saw no benefit to Victoria’s deal with Beijing and signalled the agreement would be unlikely to stand under the new laws.

“If there are benefits, what are they and what was paid for them? I don’t have the answers to those questions at this point, but the assessment of those arrangements will continue,” Morrison said.

Over 1,000 Deals Examined

The federal government cancelled the four deals under the Foreign Relations Act which has been in operation since December last year.

Under the new laws, states, territories, local governments, and Australian public universities must notify the foreign affairs minister of existing and proposed foreign arrangements.

“I have so far been notified of over 1,000 arrangements,” Payne said, noting that the states and territories had completed their initial audits of existing arrangements with foreign national governments.

She said the 1,000 deals she had been notified about and examined “reflect the richness and breadth” of Australia’s international interests and demonstrated the important role played by states, territories, universities, and local governments in advancing Australia’s interests abroad.

“I thank the states and territories for their cooperation and for what is developing as a cooperative approach under the Scheme,” she said.

Payne also approved a proposed MOU between the Western Australian state government and Indonesia.

She said that she would continue to examine more foreign deals but expected the “overwhelming majority” to be unaffected.

Henry Jom contributed to this report.

Follow Caden on Twitter: @cadenpearson

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