Is the Huawei Lawsuit the Start of a Legal War?

People walk past a sign board of Huawei at CES (Consumer Electronics Show) Asia 2016 in Shanghai, China on May 12, 2016. (Aly Song/Reuters)
People walk past a sign board of Huawei at CES (Consumer Electronics Show) Asia 2016 in Shanghai, China on May 12, 2016. (Aly Song/Reuters)
By Heng He


On March 7, Huawei announced from its Shenzhen headquarters that it had filed a lawsuit in Texas against the U.S. government, claiming that provisions in the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act banning the use of Huawei and ZTE products were in violation of the U.S. Constitution.

In this case, the crux of the matter is not whether or Huawei has any chance of winning the lawsuit, but that under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), there is no constitutionalism or rule of law. In China, citizens and foreigners alike are deprived of their basic judicial rights, and Huawei helps the CCP violate human rights through its development of the internet firewalls and surveillance technology that are used to censor and monitor the Chinese people. Yet Huawei, being such a close accomplice to these abuses, sees no shame in using American judicial independence in an attempt to challenge U.S. legislation.

Meanwhile, the CCP continues to publicly and categorically deny the independence of the Chinese judiciary. This is the biggest irony. The United States’ national security concerns about Huawei products in fact revolve around Huawei’s domestic surveillance and intelligence gathering techniques being exported internationally. Using the same set of hardware and software, what can be achieved in China can surely be done anywhere on earth.

A surveillance camera is seen next to a sign of Huawei outside a shopping mall in Beijing on Jan. 29, 2019. (Jason Lee/Reuters)
A surveillance camera is seen next to a sign of Huawei outside a shopping mall in Beijing on Jan. 29, 2019. (Jason Lee/Reuters)

Huawei needs to prove that it has no relations with the CCP and is not beholden to the Party’s instructions. Even putting aside the true relationship between Huawei and the CCP, mainland China’s intelligence law is enough to refute Huawei’s claim that it would not give up data even if Beijing so demanded. Few if any Chinese companies would refuse the CCP’s requests to cooperate for the sake of intelligence gathering, as those that do are sure to face heavy penalties followed by televised confessions. The distinction lies in whether such cooperation is done willingly or under duress. Moreover, the CCP has long applied its legal controls in overseas settings. For example, in U.S.-based Confucius Institutes, teachers are required to comply with Chinese laws—a phenomenon to which individuals like Sonia Zhao can attest. Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei telling the media that he has the ability to reject the CCP’s demands thus contains only one possibility—that Huawei has obtained special permission from the CCP to make this statement. This in itself reminds us that the relationship between Huawei and the Chinese regime is not an ordinary one.

Particular attention should be paid to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s support of Huawei on the CCP’s behalf. The second day after Huawei announced it would litigate, Wang expressed support for Huawei’s lawsuit at a press conference held during the “Two Sessions,” saying “We also support companies and individuals using legal weapons to protect their rights and interests and not to be silent lambs.” To the outside world, this confirms speculations that Huawei is backed by the CCP. For a company that claims to be a private firm, if it wants to sell products to the United States, then the U.S. government is the buyer, and naturally has the power to choose between different suppliers. It will have to make various considerations, which of course includes considerations of national security. How could a seller forcefully push their product, and then sue if its products are not purchased? The side effects of such arrogance and irrationality are far more detrimental to the image of the company than Huawei’s recent public relations campaign; it is completely not worth it. But this kind of irrationality is much more reasonable from the point of view of CCP interests. Making trouble for the U.S. government is completely in line with the CCP regime’s long-term goal to undermine America, as well as its short-term goal of breaking down obstacles in the trade talks.

Wang Yi’s statement not only hints at Huawei’s lawsuit being a move to defend the CCP, but also shows, in action, the CCP deploying its strategy of “lawfare” to use the judicial system of Western countries against those countries’ national interests. Lawfare as a concept was mentioned as early as 1999, in the book “Unrestricted Warfare” written by two Chinese military officers. And 2003’s Regulations on the Political Work of the PLA further integrated “legal warfare”, “public opinion warfare” and “psychological warfare” together as one of the combat functions of political work.

According to CCP internal documents obtained and publicized by Bitter Winter, a website dedicated exposing religious persecution in China, at the end of 2015, Meng Jianzhu, secretary of the Central Political and Legal Committee and head of the Leading Group for Prevention and Handling the Cult-related Issues (610 Office), said at an all-hands conference of the Central 610 Office members that when it comes to the overseas struggle against Falun Gong, full play must be given to the “the Party’s political and institutional advantages.” If this message weren’t clear enough, in January 2016, what Fu Zhenghua, director of the Central 610 Office, said at a meeting of the national 610 Office directors was even more direct. He emphasized that overseas struggle should “take the initiative to go on the offensive and be good at using international rules and relevant national laws [in foreign countries] to do the work.”

Former security czar Meng Jianzhu in September 2011. (Aamir Qureshi/AFP/Getty Images)

Obviously, the CCP’s appropriation of international rules and foreign laws is not just used against Falun Gong; one of the purposes of this Huawei lawsuit is use U.S. democracy and laws against the United States itself. Juxtaposed with the robbery, replication, and replacement of U.S. technology, the CCP’s political system is akin to barely imitating the external form while completely denying what it implies. And once studied thoroughly in the literal sense, these “means of replication” transform into “means of confrontation.”

From Wang Yi’s speech, one can see that not only was Huawei’s litigation plotted by the CCP, but that the CCP is likely to plan more legal offensives in the future. The CCP is certainly not worried that Western companies will imitate such tactics and sue in Chinese courts. For the Party, this does not present any problem. The Chinese court will simply not accept the case. Even if the case is taken, the court can easily twist the law to rule against the foreign company. A decent excuse is not even needed. An example is the Fujian Intermediate People’s Court where Micron Technology of the united States quickly lost its case against Fujian Jinhua. Another example is when Canadians Michael Kovrig and Michael Spavor were detained for three months and essentially deprived of all judicial rights, with not so much as a explanation given or charge made. This is what Meng Jianzhu referred to by “the Party’s political and institutional advantages.”

However, the use of law is also a double-edged sword. While U.S. courts are open and transparent, the CCP is a black-box operation. Many things cannot be debated in court. When the court demands evidence, Huawei can provide false evidence, but what about summoning key witnesses? While CCP officials can avoid appearing in court when accused, but if they were to do so while being the plaintiffs, they would be doing themselves a disservice.

Dean Cheng, a senior researcher at the American Conservative Think Tank Heritage Foundation, suspects that part of the intention behind Huawei’s indictment is to understand the sources and methods used by U.S. intelligence. This is of course possible, but it presents a two-way street, as the case would expose the black curtain of Huawei and the CCP. This is precisely one of the reasons why the CCP is so desperate to extricate Huawei by stopping the extradition of Meng Wanzhou.

When the founding fathers of the United States enacted the “Bill of Attainder” clause, they did so out of consideration as to how to restrict legislation in order to protect citizens’ rights. The rights of U.S. citizens and residents, including foreign individuals residing in the United States, are protected by this. But as to foreign governments or their agents, especially those who pose a threat to U.S. national security, are they to enjoy the same rights? Such a dilemma may not have existed in the era when Constitution was drafted. Huawei’s lawsuit may serve to clear up uncertainties in regards to this issue.

Views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Epoch Times.

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